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 William Nation's equipment list pour Market

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Gliderpilot50
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Date d'inscription : 25/01/2012
Age : 22

MessageSujet: William Nation's equipment list pour Market   Ven 23 Nov - 10:19

gennaker a écrit:
La liste d'équipement pour Market au 508 PIR est signé William H Nation, S-1 du 508 dont voici l'histoire...

William H Nation fut "drafté" dans l'US Army en janvier 1941 à Arlington au Texas. Il effectua son "basic training" à Camp Bowie, et intégra le 36th Infantry Division. En avril 42, il saisit l'occasion de suivre l'Infantry Officer Candidate School à Fort Benning, Georgia. Dès l'obtention de son brevet de second Lieutenant en juillet de cette même année 42, il se porta volontaire pour les paratroops. Il obtint ses wings en aout 42 au sein du 501st PIR alors en pleine construction. Un autre régiment était aussi en cours de formation, le 508th. Il rejoint le Personnel Section (S-1) du 508 à l'automne 1942. Le 22 juin 1943, il est promu capitaine et devient Regimental Adjutant, sorte de secrétaire général au S-1 (personnel) du régiment. Il conservera cette fonction durant toute la guerre.

Le Capitaine Bill Nation fit partie du stick du Colonel Roy E Lindquist co du 508th PIR pour la Normandie. Il sauta le 6 juin 1944 à 2h14 du matin dans les marécages du Merderet à l’est d’Amfreville. Il sautera ensuite en Hollande durant Market, et sera de la bataille des Ardennes.
Le 31 janvier 45 , le 508 se bat dans les environs de Lanzerath, sur la frontière Belgo-Allemande. Col Lindquist, CO du 508 tient à ce que ses postes de commandements soient au plus près des MLR (Main Line of resistance). Avec son XO col Shanley, ils choisissent une ferme à Lanzerath, à moins de 200 mètres des lignes allemandes. La nuit est glaciale, et très claire. Camouflé sous la neige, à 200 mètres de la ferme, un char Tigre est tapi. Un petit bruit, quelques mouvements de lumière attirent son attention. Le Tigre balance coup sur coup trois obus de 88 sur le CP du 508. On retirera le corps sans vie de Sgt King et de Captain Nation. Le CO de HQ Co 508, captain Abraham est grièvement blessé.
William Nation était âgé de 26 ans. Son corps repose au cimetière américain d’Henri-Chapelle en Belgique

RESTRICTED
HEADQUARTERS 508TH PARACHUTE INFANTRY
APO 230, U.S. ARMY TJBS/WHN/vjm
25 August 1944
ANNEX NUMBER 1
TO
TRAINING MEMORANDUM NO. 19, 1944
PREPARATION FOR A COMBAT MISSION

UNIFORM AND INDIVIDUAL
EQUIPMENT FOR FUTURE OPERATIONS

1. EQUIPMENT CARRIED BY ALL PERSONNEL. The following items of clothing
and equipment are carried by all personnel.

Boots, pr., Parachutists 1
Helmet, Prcht., w/ camouflage net attached 1
Tags, identification, w/tape 2
Cotton or woolen underwear, pr., (depending on climate) 1
Socks, light wool, pair 1
Suit, combat, complete 1
Shoulder insignia, Division, (left shoulder) 1
American Flag, (Right Shoulder) 1
Notebook and 2 pencils (chest pocket) 1
Grenades, hand, fragmentation (lower jacket pockets) 2
*Grenades, Gammon (carried in field bag) 1
*A/T Mine, M1 (carried in field bag) 1
Grenade, Smoke (as directed by higher hq.) 1
Socks, pr., extra (left hip pocket) 1
Handkerchiefs (right hip pocket) 3
Cleaning patches (right leg pocket) 10
Spoon, M1937 (right leg pocket) 1
Boxes, “K” rations, as prescribed (leg pockets)
Toilet paper
Rifle or pistol belt (rifle belt for those armed with rifle;
Pistol belt for all others) 1
Parachute, complete 1
Tablets, Halazone 1 bottle
Capsules, Motion Sickness Preventative 4
*Tablets, Sulfadiosine 6
Life Preserver (as prescribed by higher Hq) 1
Entrenching Tool 1
Toilet Kit (or articles)
Bag, canvas, field 1
Weapon, as issued 1
Packet, 1st Aid, Prcht, M-24 1
**Suspenders, coat M1936, pr. 1
** Canteen w/cup and cover 1
**1st Aid pouch, w/packet 1
Knife, M1 1
Rope, prcht., 30’x5/8” (as prescribed) 1
Gas Mask w/container, complete (when prescribed by higher hq.) 1
Prophylaxis, venereal, mechanical 6
Prophylaxis, venereal, chemical 2

*Carried in combat only
**Attached to belt

2. AMMUNITION FOR INDIVIDUAL WEAPONS. Following are the standard ammunition loads for individual weapons.

a. Rifle, M1. - All personnel armed with the rifle will carry one 8 round clip of ammunition in 10 pouches on the rifle belt. (Total 80 rounds) Ten 8 round clips of rifle ammunition will be carried by each rifleman in addition. One clip of 7 rounds in Rifle, US M1 (Total 167 rounds).
b. Carbine, M1A1. – All personnel armed with the Carbine M1A1 will carry four carbine ammunition pouches on the pistol belt, each containing two 15 round magazines of carbine ammunition. One 15 round magazine will be carried in the Carbine M1A1. (Total 135 rounds).
c. Thompson Submachine Gun.-All personnel armed with the TSMG will carry fourteen 20 round magazines (one containing 10 rounds) carried in bag, carrying, TSMG ammunition (Total 270 rounds).
d. Pistol.- Three clips, 7 rounds each. (Total 21 rounds).

3. MANNER OF CARRYING WEAPONS AND EQUIPMENT. a. Weapons.- Rifles, Submachine Guns, and Carbines, with muzzles padded, will be carried by the individual, and for jumping will be worn under the reserve chute secured by chest strap, and belly band. Pistols will be carried in holster on pistol belts. Holster flaps will be secured with string prior to jumping.

b. Gas Masks.- Gas Masks, container, complete, will be carried during the parachute descent only when prescribed by higher headquarters. When carried they will be slung on the left hip by shortening the shoulder strap or waist belt and attaching it around the waist and secured to the leg with the other strap and a tent rope.
c. Lensatic Compass.- Carried on pistol or rifle belt.
d. Watch Compass.- Carried in watch pocket secured to belt loop with string.
e. Binoculars, M3 w/case.- Carried on belt or slung over shoulder.
f. Entrenching tools.- Carried on belt; tied to leg prior to jump.
g. Wire Cutters.- Carried on belt.
h. Dispatch Case.- Carried slung over shoulder.
i. Submachine Gun Ammunition Cases.- Slung over shoulder.
j. Bayonet w/scabbard.- Carried on belt.

k. Machetes w/scabbard.- Carried only when so ordered by CO. Will be carried on belt.
l. Whistle.- Carried in left chest pocket with end of chain attached to the shoulder loop of combat suit.
m. Flashlight.- Carried in left pocket.
n. Tool Equipment TE33.- Carried on belt.
o. Radio Set, SCR 536.- Carried under left arm in sling over right shoulder, one extra set batteries in leg pocket. Special sling or one sling, carrying MG and ammunition, may be used for this purpose.
p. Bag, canvas, field.- Will be carried slung under reserve chute, shoulder straps though reserve chute “D” rings and hooked to “D” rings on bottom of bag.
q. Mine A/T M1.- When carried, will be placed in the field bag.
r. Knife, M1.- Worn strapped to leg.
s. Utility ammunition bag.- Buckled over the belt on the right side.
t. Folding Splint Set.- (Aid Men) Worn under reserve and secured by tent rope.
u. The following additional items of equipment will be carried by personnel. They will be carried in the field bag or leg pockets unless otherwise noted:

LMG Spare Parts (Gunner, LMG) *BA 43’s (SCR284 Batteries)
Small Blackout Tent (ea. Oprns. Sgt) *Signal Smoke
(under reserve chute) *Signal Projectors & Flares
Map Case (Bn Hq Draftsman) *Flag Sets less Staffs
(under reserve chute) *Converters
Delco Lamp (ea. 1st Sgt & Bn. Msg. *SE11’s (Signal Lamps)
Center Chief) *Friction Tape
*Message Books *Sound Powered Telephones
*BA 37’s & 38’s (SCR536 batteries)

*Carried by Communications Personnel

7. DISTRIBUTION OF ARMS AND EQUIPMENT. Arms and equipment to be carried by the various members of the regiment will be as prescribed in the T/E, as modified from time to time by this headquarters.

8. BLANKET ROLLS. Blanket rolls will be prepared at home station and marked with appropriate individual and unit identification. For convenience of shipment in subsequent follow-up, individual rolls will be packed in barracks bags, two to a bag. Each roll will contain:

1- Sleeping bag 1- Pole, Tent
1- Blanket, WOD 5- Pins, Tent
1- Shelter Half 2- Undershirts
1- Jacket, field 2- Drawers
2- Pair socks, light wool 2- Towels
2- Handkerchiefs 1- Raincoat
1- Pair boots, parachutists 1- Mess Kit, complete
1- Shirt, Wool OD 1- Trousers, Wool OD

9. OFFICERS BEDDING ROLLS. Officers bedding rolls will be assembled at home station and marked with appropriate individual and unit identification. Rolls will not exceed 18 inches in diameter.

1- Sleeping Bag 1- Blanket, WOD
2- Shelter Halves 2- Poles, Tent
10- Pins, Shelter Half 3- Drawers
3- Undershirts 4- Handkerchiefs
3- Pair Socks 3- Towels, Bath
1- Jacket, Field 1- Raincoat
Additional Toilet Articles 1- Uniform, Field
(Wool Shirt & Trousers)

10. INSIGNIAS. All personnel will wear appropriate insignia or chevrons of rank, in accordance with regulations, and on all types of uniform. Unit CO’s combat identification will be worn as prescribed in General Orders No. 59, Headquarters ETOUSA. Helmets will be marked as prescribed in Circular No. 41, Headquarters FUSA, 27 December 1943, except that the Division Insignia authorized by Paragraph 3, Section I, to be painted on helmets is not authorized for this Division.

11. LEATHER FIELD JACKETS. Will not be taken into the field by officers.

By order of Colonel Lindquist:

WILLIAM H. NATION
Captain, Infantry
Adjutant
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Gliderpilot50
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Messages : 11693
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MessageSujet: Re: William Nation's equipment list pour Market   Ven 23 Nov - 10:19

Mc LOS a écrit:
J'irai voir sa tombe lors de mon prochain passage à Henri-Chapelle.

Très intéressant cette liste détaillée.
Même si c'est très théorique, c'est également intéressant de voir ou et comment le matériel etait sensé être porté ou transporté.
Une bonne source d'inspiration en reconstitution...
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Gliderpilot50
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Messages : 11693
Date d'inscription : 25/01/2012
Age : 22

MessageSujet: Re: William Nation's equipment list pour Market   Ven 23 Nov - 10:20

mirabelle écoute a écrit:
d'accord avec toi serge.
Liste longue, trop longue même. Sachant que les 3/4 de l'équipement était balancé...



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MessageSujet: Re: William Nation's equipment list pour Market   Aujourd'hui à 7:57

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